The IUFRO mission is to advance research excellence and knowledge sharing, and to foster the development of science-based solutions to forest-related challenges for the benefit of forests and people worldwide. IUFRO activities are organized in divisions and working groups dedicated to different research topics and collaboration groups. IUFRO Division 2 (Physiology and Genetics) includes research on the physiology of forest trees as a whole and more specifically on xylem, stem, canopy and roots; on sexual and vegetative reproduction; on breeding and genetic resources of conifers and hardwoods in virtually all regions of the world; on quantitative and biological genetics of trees and tree populations, including molecular and cellular genetics; and on seed physiology and technology. Within this division, IUFRO Working Party 2.08.04 integrates all aspects of research in IUFRO on breeding and genetic resources of Populus and Salix species. Major functions of this Working Party 2.08.04 are to: 1) facilitate information flow on breeding and selection, genomics, and conservation, 2) facilitate exchange of material, and 3) provide opportunities for informative meetings, workshops and field trips. IUFRO Working Party 2.08.04 works closely with the International Commission on Poplars and Other Fast-Growing Trees Sustaining People and the Environment (IPC) of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations.

The Institute of Lowland Forestry and Environment (ILFE) is a research organization whose activities are directed towards applied research that seeks to solve practical problems of research users (public forestry enterprises, private forest landowners, urban residents, etc.) and fundamental (basic) research serving as the foundation for applied research. Founded in 1958 as the Poplar Research Institute, the ILFE was rebranded in October 2006. The ILFE has realized numerous projects related to silviculture and sustainable forest management of various forest tree species, conservation and management of forest genetic resources, establishment of protective greenery, rehabilitation of degraded forest lands, forest protection, and forest management plans. The ILFE is a member of IUFRO, European Forest Institute (EFI), EVOLution of TREEs as drivers of terrestrial biodiversity (EVOLTREE) and European Forest Genetic Resources Programme (EUFORGEN). ILFE researchers are collaborating intensively with foreign scientists from various European countries, United States of America (Research Universities and USDA Forest Service) and South Africa. In addition, ILFE researchers have served or are currently members of the Executive Committee of the IPC, International Co-operative Programme on Assessment and Monitoring of Air Pollution Effects on Forests (ICP Forests), Forest Stewardship Council (FSC), American Phytopathological Society (APS) and International Society for Plant Pathology (ISPP).